After getting a COVID-19 vaccine, will I test positive for COVID-19 on a viral test?
No. None of the authorized and recommended COVID-19 vaccines cause you to test positive on viral tests, which are used to see if you have a current infection. If your body develops an immune response to vaccination, which is the goal, you may test positive on some antibody tests. Antibody tests indicate you had a previous infection and that you may have some level of protection against the virus.
Can a COVID-19 vaccine make me sick with COVID-19?
No. None of the authorized and recommended COVID-19 vaccines in the United States contain the live virus that causes COVID-19. This means that a COVID-19 vaccine cannot make you sick with COVID-19.
COVID-19 vaccines teach our immune systems how to recognize and fight the virus that causes COVID-19. Sometimes this process can cause symptoms, such as fever. These symptoms are normal and are signs that the body is building protection against the virus that causes COVID-19.
Do I need to wear a mask and avoid close contact after I am fully vaccinated?
It depends. For now, fully vaccinated people can gather indoors without physical distancing or wearing masks with:
Other people who are fully vaccinated
Unvaccinated people from one other household, unless any of those people or anyone they live with has an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19
Until more is known, fully vaccinated people should continue to wear masks and stay 6 feet apart from other people in other settings, like when they are in public or visiting with unvaccinated people from multiple households.
Does the COVID-19 vaccine work?
According to data reported by Pfizer and Moderna, both vaccines are more than 94% effective in preventing COVID-19. The vaccines exceed the efficacy benchmark for emergency use authorization. All are highly effective in preventing hospitalization and death.
If I've had COVID-19 and recovered, do I still need to get vaccinated?
Yes, you should be vaccinated regardless of whether you already had COVID-19. That’s because experts do not yet know how long you are protected from getting sick again after recovering from COVID-19. Even if you have already recovered from COVID-19, it is possible—although rare—that you could be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 again.
Is the COVID-19 vaccine required for MU students or employees?
No. Mansfield University does not have the legal authority to mandate the COVID-19 vaccine at this time. All members of the campus community are encouraged to get vaccinated when possible to help protect themselves and other. Vaccines and other mitigation techniques help us return to a more normal campus environment faster.
What are the most common side effects after getting a COVID-19 vaccine?
After getting vaccinated, you might have some side effects, which are normal signs that your body is building protection. Common side effects are pain, redness, and swelling in the arm where you received the shot, as well as tiredness, headache, muscle pain, chills, fever, and nausea throughout the rest of the body.
Side effects are a GOOD thing. That means your immune system is working. Most side effects start to present 12 hours post injection and resolve within 48 hours post injection.
Why should I get a COVID-19 vaccine?
Stopping a pandemic requires using all the tools available. Vaccines work with your immune system so your body will be ready to fight the virus if you are exposed. Other steps, like wearing masks and social distancing, help reduce your chance of being exposed to the virus or spreading it to others.
Why should I trust a vaccine that was developed quickly?
While it is the first one of its type to be widely used, the technology used in the mRNA vaccines has been in development since the 1990s.
Before Moderna started work on the COVID-19 vaccine, they had different mRNA vaccines in clinical trials for prevention of RSV, CMV, hMPV/PIV3, Zika, Chikungunya Virus, and influenza. Those trials were done the “traditional” way – slow, with no overlapping phases.
Yes, the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are the fastest ones to be developed. However, the technology has been in the works for decades and the technology has been tested in multiple ways.
Will a COVID-19 vaccine alter my DNA?
No. COVID-19 vaccines do not change or interact with your DNA in any way. mRNA COVID-19 vaccines deliver instructions (genetic material) to our cells to start building protection against the virus that causes COVID-19. However, the material never enters the nucleus of the cell, which is where our DNA is kept. This means the genetic material in the vaccines cannot affect or interact with our DNA in any way. All COVID-19 vaccines work with the body’s natural defenses to safely develop immunity to disease.